Rottweiler – Dog Breeds


In this article you can read more about the history, physical characteristics and character of the  Rottweiler breed.

I will also quote the opinions and experiences of breeders and some other very good connoisseur of the breed.


Name of the breed: Rottweiler, Rott, Rottie
FCI group: Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid Breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Land of origin: Germany
Life span: 8-10 years
Character: Loyal, courageous, fearless, calm, intelligent
Requirements: Rottweiler needs enough games, sufficient movement and exercise


Head: Wide, medium length 
Ears: Medium sized, pendant, highly placed, carried forward
Eyes: Medium sized, almond shaped, dark brown
Tail: Traditionally docked, but today docking is unallowed in many countries, so the tail is mostly natural length
Hair: Short, hard, dense and flat, medium length
Height: Male: 61-69 cm (24-27 in) / Female: 56-63 cm (22-25 in)
Weight: Male: 50-60 kg (110-130 lb) / Female: 35-48 kg (77-106 lb)


According to FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) classification, Rottweiler breed belongs to 2. FCI GROUP

2. FCI GROUP: Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid Breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs.

Rottweiler – history, physical characteristics and character


Rottweiler is one of the oldest known breeds.

This breed originates from German and it is believed that descended from the Roman cattle dogs.

According to some records, this dogs were used by the Roman legionaries as a working dogs.

Rottweilers accompanied by Roman armies and their task was driving and protecting the livestock.

So, following Romans on their road to conquering Europe, they arrived in ​​Germany, in the region of Rottweil, according to which they were named.

Since the Rottweil was important bovine commercial center, this strong dogs very well served local merchants.

Legends says that traders are placed money in the bag, which would then put around the neck of this dogs.
They believed that no one would dare to approach a money while it is tied around neck of so powerful and dangerous animals.

Rottweilers were used even in the hunt for bears and for taming the bulls.

After the collapse of the market of cattle, this breed began to die out.

In year 1880, in the area of Rottweil was recorded only one individual of this breed.

Also on dog show in Germany in 1882 there was just one Rottweiler, which says a lot about their number in Germany at that again time.


However, at the last minute, around 1910, the breed Rottweiler was rescued and “saved”.

In 1899 the International Club for Leonbergers and Rottweiler Dogs was formed in Germany and the first breed standard for the Rottweiler was produced by this club in 1901.

Because of their strength, muscular endurance and character, began to be used by military and police.

Soon this dogs became recognized as a service dogs.

After that, their popularity begins to grow rapidly and they became a favorite breed and very common pets.

Today, Rottweiler enjoys great popularity around the world.

Physical characteristics

The Rottweiler is a strong, medium-high to high waist, robust, not overweight.

This is muscular dog, with strong, straight back and broad chest.

Colour of Rottweiler breed is black with clearly delineated rust or mahogany markings on the lower legs, on the throat and chest, on the side of the muzzle and over the eyes.


Personality of the Rottweiler breed

Wery well known characteristics of the Rottweiler are: loyalty, commitment, confidence, courage, calmness, composure, intelligence.

This dog has a strong desire to please the owner.

Also, he is especially known for strong loyalty and commitment.

Rottweiler is a very these strong instincts for defense, these dogs are especially popular as guard dogs.

This guardian instincts are very accentuated compared to other breeds.
Therefore they are unfairly classified as aggressive dogs.
If properly raised and socialized, even despite a strong defensive and guardian instinct, these dogs can be very soft and cuddly.

Rottweiler breed is prone to dominance and because of that it is recommended only for people who have experience in dealing with dominant and powerful dogs, such as Rottweiler.

In family environment most of them would try to impose as leader of the pack, but soon will comply with persistence, consistency and firm hand of the owner.

To sum up; Rottweiler breed is exceptional, but definitely in need of a firm hand, regular obedience training, strong friendship, understanding and hang out.

This is a breed that very well agree with other animals.
Very often, to everyone’s surprise, well accepted even cats.

Of course, it refers primarily to those individuals who grow up within other animals.

Other case, when Rottweiler is slightly less socialized, certainly requires additional caution and special training, when it comes to the company of other animals.

It is not recommended to leave this breed unattended near young children, because of its size and powerfully built.
In order to play, this great and powerful dog can knock down, or otherwise harm a child.
Also, baby’s cry be misinterpreted by rottweiler (or any other dog that is not accustomed to the children)  and in that situation the dog could react undesirably.

Rottweiler breed easily overcomes training very well learns all commands.
And what is very important, he really enjoys teaching and coaching, especially if treated with respect.

Rottweiler require daily exercise, play, walk and regular social contacts.

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